Diabetic Diet – A Complete Guide

Diabetic Diet

What is Diabetes:

A close up of a plate on a table

Diabetes (also known as Diabetic Ketoacidosis) is a disease caused by high levels of sugar in the bloodstream. It is a chronic disease and needs to be carefully followed because uncontrolled diabetes increases the risk of cardiac arrest or stroke. Diabetics must monitor how much sugar they consume, in addition to following a strict diet, including nutrition guidelines for protein, vegetables, and fruit. Diabetics may also need to take insulin injections when their body does not produce enough of this hormone on its own.

How does Diabetes affect you:

A pile of fruit

People who suffer from Type 2 diabetes may also notice symptoms like blurred vision, numbness in their feet and hands, frequent urination, etc. If they ignore these symptoms for long or fail to keep their insulin intake under control; they start gaining weight rapidly which increases the risk of further complications which can prove fatal as well. Diabetes mellitus symptoms will also depend on how much one has suffered from this condition. The earlier one begins with this dietary regime after diagnosing the disease the better because that way your body will be able to retain most of its essential functions that are needed for survival without any major complications arising due to an unstable blood sugar level.

What is Diabetic Diet:

A Diabetic Diet is a diet that Diabetics often follow to help stabilize their blood sugar levels. Diabetics may need to make sure they eat enough carbohydrates if their body does not produce them. Diabetics might also need to avoid consuming too much fat or sugary drinks. Diabetics should watch what they drink because alcohol and sugary drinks can increase blood sugar levels. Diabetics should always consult with a Diabetic Specialist before beginning any new diet plan. Diabetics might need to eat a Diabetic Diet that is very specific for their Diabetes. Diabetics might also need to track their carbohydrate intake, to help balance out their Diabetic Diet. Diabetic patients should never replace meals with glucose tablets unless a Diabetic Specialist has expressly authorized them to do so as this may cause Diabetic Hypoglycemia (low blood sugar). Diabetics should always eat meals at the same times each day to help regulate their Diabetic Diet. Diabetics might also need to avoid eating too much fruit because this can cause Diabetic Ketoacidosis (DKA). Diabetics are also advised not to exercise immediately after eating otherwise Diabetic Hypoglycemia may occur.

How to follow a diabetic diet plan:

People suffering from Type 2 diabetes must go for low-fat foods that are rich in fiber, whole grains, and vegetables as opposed to high-carbohydrate food items that can be found abundantly at fast-food restaurants or snack bars, etc. So it is better to eat smaller portions of food throughout the day instead of overloading oneself with larger helpings once or twice a day. This dietary plan works best if it is accompanied by regular exercise to lose weight without letting your body suffer any major harm because of this condition.

The advantages associated with maintaining this kind of diet are plenty; you will see visible changes in weight even though you might not have lost a lot of weight, you will notice a lower rise in blood sugar levels and also see an improvement in your energy level throughout the day. So if you have diabetes and want to look and feel better than you ever did before, it is time that you started following this dietary plan without fail.

Who should follow a diabetic diet:

Anybody who is overweight or obese and has been diagnosed with diabetes should immediately switch over to a healthy low-calorie low carbohydrate diet plan. Attempts should be made to bring the body weight down and this can only be achieved if you eat nutritious food and take part in a regular exercise regime. A strict diabetic diet plan will ensure that all your meals are prepared in such a way so as not to affect your blood sugar levels. This will help you lose excess pounds of weight which will further prevent problems associated with diabetes like heart disease, blurred vision, etc.

When following such a dietary regime, it would also become easier for people suffering from Type 2 diabetes to bring their insulin resistance under control within just 3 months time period. When patients with diabetes first start on this plan, they may notice some changes within the first few days. For instance, you might feel hungrier than usual or disinterested in doing any sort of work at all. Experts suggest that these feelings are just withdrawal symptoms due to lack of glucose intake and will disappear once your body gets used to it.

Following a diabetic diet plan also means that people who have Type 2 diabetes will be able to completely avoid taking their insulin injections once their blood sugar levels fall under control without the help of this meal plan. This is because when you stick to healthy meals consistently over an extended period, you tend to reduce the size of fat cells which secretes hormones called adipokines. These hormones hold the capacity to increase insulin resistance and therefore, must be kept at bay.

Your doctor will also advise you to take a regular exercise regime when diabetics follow their diabetic diet plan and it is advised that you consult your doctor before starting on any kind of physical exercise. This is because the lack of glucose intake while following such a meal plan means that your body might not have enough glycogen to last you for the amount of exercise required.

People who suffer from Type 1 diabetes need not worry as they can always control their blood sugar levels with injected insulin or other medicines like metformin etc. However, Type 1 diabetics should closely monitor their blood sugar levels regularly so that there are no fluctuations in this level. Maintaining optimal blood sugar levels is of prime importance in preventing any serious complications which can arise due to uncontrolled high blood sugar levels.

When diabetics follow a diet plan:

When you consume food and meals that are high in carbohydrates and refined sugar, they get rapidly converted into glucose in the bloodstream. This leads to an increase in your blood sugar levels. But when you eat food items rich in fiber and low on fat like vegetables, fruits, etc., these do not elicit such a rapid rise in blood sugar levels. This is because there is no insulin involved in transporting it from your gut to cells throughout your body which can result in diabetes type 2 symptoms. People who suffer from Type 1 diabetes need to take care of their insulin intake as well as carbohydrate intake while people with Type 2 diabetes need to make sure they keep their carbohydrate and insulin intake moderately under control.

People who consume food items rich in fiber and low in fat do not suffer from high blood sugar levels and can, therefore, eat their fill without having to worry too much about the calories they are consuming. This way your body will be able to produce energy that will last you throughout the day and also keep your insulin and glucose intake under control.

However, people with Type 2 diabetes need to use exercise as a means for losing weight to stopping gaining it any further because even though diabetics might not have high blood sugar levels every moment of the day, such situations can arise anytime which is why it is safer to try and lose some weight instead of adding more weight on one’s body. Such a dietary plan when adhered to strictly can help you to lose weight quickly but only if the person is willing to follow it without any deviations.

Consequences of strict diabetic diet:

People who strictly follow this meal plan will experience dangerous long-term side effects like fatigue, depression, and many other debilitating problems. So it is always better to consult your doctor before engaging yourself in such activity. A word of caution; people with Type 2 diabetes are at an increased risk for heart disease and therefore, must be careful while selecting the food items they put into their bodies. People suffering from this disease should try to eat foods that are low on calories but high on fiber to keep themselves full for a longer period without making them gain weight significantly.

Diabetic Diet Tips:

Diabetics should plan their meals carefully and maintain a healthy diet  - Diets that are high in protein, fiber, and complex carbohydrates provide the best chance for weight maintenance.

Diabetics should avoid sugary drinks such as soda or juice because these will increase blood sugar levels.

Eating too much fat can make it more difficult for people who have diabetes to control their weight and there is some evidence that eating saturated fats may contribute to higher cholesterol levels which could lead to coronary heart disease.

Diabetics should not eat large amounts of fruit because this can cause an imbalance of glucose in the bloodstream.

Diabetics should also be careful about eating too many starchy foods such as potatoes and starches as this can cause blood glucose to rise.


Diabetics should consult with a Diabetic Specialist before beginning any new diet plan. Diabetic Diets are a type of diet that is designed to help people with diabetes. It may have difficulty metabolizing sugars and other carbohydrates, which can lead to high blood sugar levels. Diabetics might need to eat a Diabetic Diet that is very specific for their Diabetes.

Subscribe to our monthly Newsletter
Subscribe to our monthly Newsletter